What is VAT? 

VAT stands for value-added tax. This is also known as indirect tax. VAT is applied to tangible goods, services, or products. It is imposed at every stage of production, from raw materials to finished goods, as well as at the point of sale.

What is the VAT scheme?

The VAT scheme makes calculating easier. Instead of calculating VAT on each sale, you do it only once with each VAT return. There are three common VAT retail schemes: Point of Sale Scheme – At the point of sale, you identify and record the VAT.

There are three types of VAT schemes that can be considered zero rates, standard rates, and exempt supplies.

  • Choosing the right VAT scheme

Every business transaction necessitates the application of vat; there are various methods for doing so; here is a list of some vat schemes that will make the vat scheme easier and simpler for you.

  • Tax at the point of sale

Value-added tax is the full form of vat. When the value is added to products, it is available for collection at any time. Businesses must pay taxes on their revenue and majesty’s customs on a regular basis. When they buy or sell goods and services It makes no difference whether your customer is another company or a consumer. However, if you are VAT registered, you can reclaim the VAT charged on business expenses.

When should you register for VAT?

When your taxable income exceeds a certain threshold, you must register for VAT. This must be checked on a 12-month basis, not just at the end of the fiscal year. The VAT registration threshold can be changed from year to year. Once you have reached your threshold, you have 30 days to register. You can sign up online. Your effective VAT registration date will be the first day of the second month following your registration threshold crossing.

The following are the primary advantages of VAT registration: Increased cash flow – The main advantage of being VAT registered is increased cash flow. You can claim your VAT costs once you’ve registered. If your startup costs are high and include VAT, claiming that back can make a significant difference.


  1. VAT Cash Accounting Scheme: This scheme allows you to pay after receiving your payment rather than after issuing a tax invoice or bill. This scheme enables you to pay VAT after your customers have paid for your goods and services. This is an alternative method of reporting figures or paying taxes even when bills have not been paid.

To be eligible, your company must be VAT registered or have a taxable turnover of £1.35 million or less in the previous 12 months. If you qualify, you can join at the start of the VAT accounting period without notifying HM Revenue and Customs. You cannot use this scheme if you are using the VAT flat rate scheme.

  1. VAT Annual Accounting Scheme: Annual accounting is similar to standard VAT accounting in that quarterly returns are not required. HMRC VAT returns require payment four times per year, whereas the annual accounting scheme requires payment only once per year. Smaller businesses will find this annual accounting scheme more convenient. They pay installments throughout the year based on an estimated liability for the year, with a balancing payment due with the return.

However, in order to be eligible for this scheme, your company must be VAT registered and have a taxable annual turnover of £1.35 million. If you are insolvent, make late payments, or your data is out of date, you will be ineligible. if you left the scheme within the previous 12 months, or if you are part of a VAT-registered division or group of companies.

3. Capital Goods Scheme: The capital good scheme is a method of adjusting the amount claimed on the purchase of a capital asset in line with its taxable use over a period of either five or ten years (depending on the asset). The CGS is primarily intended for partially exempt businesses. Businesses use this scheme to claim VAT rebates or exemptions on assets such as property, land, or equipment that they bought with the intention of reselling but are now using for their own goods. capital.jpg

Capital schemes effectively assist businesses in spreading the initial vat claimed on assets over a number of years, however, only if the assets are used for business purposes and not for personal gain. If the asset is used for business purposes, you can reclaim the entire VAT or a percentage of the VAT, which is known as a partial exemption.’

  1. VAT Margin Scheme: A VAT margin scheme taxes the difference between what a company pays for items and what it sells them for later. This distinction is subject to VAT at the rate of 16.67%. (One-sixth), a company can choose to use a vat margin scheme while selling used goods. To participate in the margin vat scheme, simply keep a record of your detailed eligible goods and report them on your vat return. You must keep all records, including invoices and stock books, for all items.

The VAT margin scheme is ineligible, or it does not apply to your investment, metals, gold, precious stones, or anything else for which you paid vat. Special provisions are also made for used vehicles, auctions, pawnbrokers, and horses and ponies.

  1. VAT Retail Schemes: The retail schemes are methods for calculating the value of your taxable retail sales and determining what proportion of those sales is taxable at the various VAT rates. The VAT retail scheme is only available to businesses that make retail sales and have an annual VAT-exclusive turnover of less than £130 million.

Businesses that sell both non-retail and retail items are eligible to participate, but only on their retail sales (they must account for their non-retail sales in a regular way). Different businesses use one of three standard VAT retail schemes:

  • Apportionment Scheme: for businesses that purchase goods to resell.
  • Point of Sale Scheme: for businesses that calculate and record VAT at the point of sale
  • Direct Calculation Scheme: for businesses that only have a small percentage of their sales at one VAT rate and the majority of their sales at another.

Can a bookkeeper submit tax returns?


Yes, a qualified bookkeeper will be able to prepare sole trader accounts and VAT tax returns, as well as basic self-assessment returns; however, it can be difficult for small business owners because there are rules to follow and deadlines to meet. Make a budget for your VAT return and save a portion for revenue so that you have your payment ready when tax day arrives.